Re-Engineering the Information Technology Curricula For the Knowledge-Driven Society: A Necessary and Relevant Core Competencies-Based Model
Information technology (IT) education, oriented toward management information systems and decision support perspectives, has been part of business schools curricula and degree programs worldwide for over 30 years. These programs have typically placed heavier emphasis on business applications of computers and information technologies, compared to computer science and engineering programs in engineering schools, which emphasize hardware design and development and software development and implementation with little or no emphasis on business applications.
With the trend toward knowledge-driven societies worldwide, organizations now emphasize IT-induced results throughout their value-added chain, with little or no loyalty toward designing, developing, and implementing management information and decision support systems in-house. Growth in global outsourcing is a testimonial to this continuing phenomenon. This changing organizational emphasis also results from recent shift toward nurturing organizational core competencies, as prescribed from Professor C.K. Prahalad’s research findings. However, the core competencies approach can also be extended to re-engineer the information technology curricula in institutions of higher education worldwide.
This paper presents constructs and prescriptive models for re-engineering the IT curricula aimed at providing students and professionals with the necessary and relevant IT-related core competencies to meet challenges and requirements for the knowledge-driven enterprises and society. Departing from the traditional curricula based on required IT-specific courses and –IT-related electives, our curricular recommendations emphasize those topics in IT that are necessary and relevant for developing management information and decision support in a knowledge-based economy.
Keywords: Core IT Competencies for Knowledge-driven enterprises and society, IT Curricula for global IT education
Dr. Raja Iyer
Professor and Head, Department of Computer Information Systems, College of Business Administration, Tarleton State University, Stephenville, Texas