Modern Approaches to Understanding Antifungal Activity of Traditional Medicines

By:
Matthew G. M. Jessulat,
Robert Phillip Smith,
Nadereh H. Mir-Rashed,
Dr Ashkan Golshani,
Dr John Thor Arnason,
Dr. Myron L. Smith
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TThe need to develop new antimicrobials is at the forefront of medical research. The approach of using ethnobotanical leads to identify compounds with antimicrobial activity is of particular interest as these remedies have been used by traditional healers for thousands of years with little or no adverse side effects. In this paper we discuss developments of novel assays, including array-based bioassays, that set out to determine the effect(s) of plant extracts on metabolic pathways of pathogenic fungi.

Although once a laborious task, the separation, identification and determination of mode(s) of action of plant-derived antifungals has now become more rapid and efficient due to new advancements in technology. Nevertheless, there are major bottlenecks to acquiring an understanding of the biochemical pathway(s) affected by natural products. Due to the enormous diversity of plants that may yield antifungal drugs and their complex biochemical interactions, large comprehensive databases are required that are readily accessible to the scientific community. These databases should incorporate information that spans diverse fields, from traditional healer-based knowledge and clinical studies to molecular biology bioassays.


Keywords: Antifungal, Antimicrobial, Traditional Medicines, Computer-aided Analysis, High-Throughput Technology, DNA Microarray and Gene Arrays
Stream: Knowledge and Technology
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: Modern Biological Approaches to Folk Medicines and Traditional Antifungal Therapies


Matthew G. M. Jessulat

Graduate student, Biology Department, Carleton University
Canada


Robert Phillip Smith

Graduate Student, Biology Department, Carleton University
Canada


Nadereh H. Mir-Rashed

Carleton University
Canada


Dr Ashkan Golshani

Carleton University
Canada


Dr John Thor Arnason

Carleton University
Canada


Dr. Myron L. Smith

Carleton University
Canada


Ref: T06P0260