Globalization, TINA-to-TANA and the Software as a Power to the Knowledge Economy: An Indian Perspective

Prof Suash Deb
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Today it can be opined that the future of India is linked to the knowledge industries – not only the three O’s – info, bio and nano- but also knowledge –based manufacturing and knowledge-based agriculture. This paper will concentrate on ICT in general and software in particular.

From the relatively inward looking policies, in place till the end of 1980s, the initiation of economic reform in the year 1991, sought to break down the walls of protection behind which Indian industries used to operate. It naturally sent ripples across those who hitherto enjoyed monopoly or even oligopoly in their respective business. This is the outcome of the wind of globalization’s dethroning TINA (There Is No Alternative)- the Queen of Monopoly and installing TANA (There Are Numerous Alternatives) –the King of Choice.

Software industry has clearly emerged as the major component of ICT in India. And Bangalore, a city of the southern India, can really be termed as the Engine of the Indian ICT Superfast Express. But what explains the software success story of India as a whole? It is often stated this is the outcome of the liberalization process. Assuming it to be true gives rise to next obvious query -If so, what’s about other sectors? Why could not they script such an impressive performance?

One reason of software excellence in India, of course, software being more skill-intensive than capital-intensive. And India, being a member of the comparatively low or modest income group but with a good human capital base gained immensely from this. Also the spirit of enterprise, hitherto remained hidden amongst the Indians, got ignited as the era of the so called license raj was abolished. And the absence of both - militant trade unionism and political interference had also played a pivotal role towards scripting the software success story.

Keywords: -
Stream: Knowledge and Technology
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: TINA-to-TANA and the Software as a Power to the Knowledge Economy

Prof Suash Deb

Professor, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, National Institute of Science & Technolgy

Prof. Suash Deb has been associated with academic & research community of India since 1991. His educational qualifications consists of BE in Mechanical Engineering from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India, followed by Masters of Technology (M.Tech.) in Computer Science from the University of Calcutta. He had been the recipient of the Govt. of India/ United Nations collaborative fellowship for a stint at the Stanford University (Dept. of Computer Science), USA. He had worked in the National Centre for Knowledge Based Computing, Kolkata, Intl. Institute of Information Technology, Kolkata in scientific/academic position. A Senior Member of the IEEE, USA , he is listed in numerous Who’s Who e.g. Who’s Who in the World, Who’s Who in Science & Engineering, Distinguished Scientists, Living Legends, Who’s Who in the 21-st Century & many others. International Order of Merit, UK, had conferred him with an honorary membership “for his outstanding contribution in the field of Information Technology”. Recently he was named as “one of the top 100 scientists in the world”
by the IBC, UK. His professional area of interests revolve around subjects such as Artificial Intelligence, Computer Vision, Pattern Recognition, Soft Computing, Bioinformatics and the related fields. Travelled widely across the globe, he had organized/chaired numerous technical sessions in the international conferences/symposiums/workshops.
He acted as the Regional Editor of the IEEE Robotics & Automation & on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Robotics & Computer Integrated Manufacturing, published from UK. He had also served as an Asian Expert Consultant for ARPA, Dept. of Defense, Federal Govt. of USA.

Ref: T06P0350